28 November 2012

China and World Bank Group Launch New Knowledge Hub for Development

- Spread knowledge from China’s successes in reducing poverty 
- First pilot, called TRANS-FORM, will focus on urban transport 

Beijing - 27 November 2012 – The World Bank Group and China today launched a new knowledge hub to improve development outcomes, aiming to spread practical knowledge from China’s successes in reducing poverty both within China as well as to other countries. Initially, the knowledge hub will help find environmentally friendly solutions to expand urban transport in China’s cities. 

China has lifted 600 million people out of poverty in the last 30 years, and the demand is growing among other developing countries to learn from its remarkable progress,” said World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim. “The new knowledge hub will play an important role in making China’s lessons available to the world and will further our common mission to end extreme poverty and build shared prosperity.” 

"The hub will become a new and open centre for developing countries to learn from each other,” said the Chinese Minister of Finance Xie Xuren. 

Under the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on the World Bank-China Knowledge Hub for Development signed in Beijing by Kim and the Chinese Minister of Finance Xie Xuren, the first pilot, called TRANS-FORM, will focus on urban transport. This focus was selected because of the urgent need for innovative solutions to deliver green, inclusive, and low-carbon development. 

Managing urbanization is a priority for China, with about 75 percent of its gross domestic product generated in the largest 120 cities, and 350 million rural residents expected to move into its cities over the next 20 years. The Bank is helping China introduce transport improvements in about 30 cities, focusing on low-carbon emission options such as public transportation, walking and cycling. 

The new knowledge hub will speed up the process of analyzing the successes and lessons learned in implementing solutions to urban challenges. Some innovations are already being transferred to other countries. For example, the Green Freight Initiative, which aims to improve fuel efficiency in Chinese trucks, is being adopted in Brazil. CAI-Asia, one of the Bank's partners in green freight in China, has started a pan-Asian green freight program with support from donors and the private sector. 

The knowledge hub will also help Chinese cities learn from each other. An integrated corridor management approach was introduced in an urban transport project in several cities in Liaoning Province to improve people’s travel speed, reliability, safety, and security in a comprehensive manner, based on successful examples in London and New York. It is now making public transport more attractive in other cities including Taiyuan, Wuhan, Changzhi, Xiangyang, and Xining. 

While many countries understand broad policy directions, they may not be getting the results they want because delivery of services and infrastructure lags behind, often in communities where the needs are greatest. Recognizing this development challenge, the knowledge hub seeks to lay the foundations for a “science of delivery,” which will collect and distribute practical knowledge that countries can use to get delivery right. 

Source: World Bank